Among the tall skyscrapers of downtown Los Angeles sits thousands of interconnected servers and networking equipment that are housed in the infamous One Wilshire data center. The center is the prime source of connectivity for the west coast and many businesses host their servers inside the tightly secured facility. Huge metropolitan cities like Los Angeles usually house several data center locations that provide a central hub for inter-connectivity around the world. These cities usually attract the construction of new colocation data centers because of the transit centers and communication hubs that are already present within the city limits. However, as time ticks forward and new needs arise, more and more small cities are sought after for new data center locations.
Mega data centers or server farms have sprung up within rural areas and small cities. These facilities are built to support cloud infrastructure and applications along with server backup for large social media websites like Facebook and Google. What makes these locations more attractive than metropolitan areas?
For starters, small cities have tons of space available for these new mega data centers. Large enterprises can build data centers that house many servers for a fraction of the cost compare to building them in metropolitan areas like Los Angeles. Cheap land isn't the only advantage as small cities provide great cooling benefits, an abundance of low cost power, and great tax incentives to keep the operating cost of these facilities down.
So does that mean that large metropolitan areas are soon going to be devoid of any data center hosting facility? As small cities provide a great location for these mega data centers, large cities are still a central place for hosting facility to stay connected. This means that data centers are not all the same. There are several different types of data center and small cities attract just one of these types.
Mega data centers are huge facilities that host a plethora of dedicated servers and other hardware. They provide the data storage support for the immense social data gathered from the big three of social media (Google, Facebook, Twitter). For colocation data centersand large enterprise data centers, metropolitan areas like Los Angles, New York, or Dallas provide a central location to connect with customers and network interconnection points around the world. These data center facilities are the central connectivity hubs for most of the digital traffic traveling from one point to another.
The landscape of data center is evolving and restricting to reach new efficiencies. Server farms are built to support the large data storage needs of major internet enterprises and cloud applications. They are the new backbone for colocation facilities but simply cannot replace old colocation data centers like the One Wilshire in Los Angles because of the inter-connectivity of the location.
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